The MD-PhD Program is a track of the Medical School that provides training in both medicine and research. This path is designed for medical students who have outstanding credentials and are highly motivated to become research physicians, also known as physician-scientists. During the 6-year MD degree, the students take all the courses in the regular MD curriculum and additional courses focused on advanced research topics, leading to a MD-PhD certificate. After obtaining the MD degree and the MD-PhD certification, students can choose (but are not obligated) to enroll in a post-graduate PhD Program. The PhD program can be completed on an accelerated schedule. Applications are open to students at their second year of any Italian Medical School. Selection is based on academic record and entrance examination. Between five and ten students are admitted to the program each year. Students admitted to the Program do not pay tuition fees, they receive a scholarship for living expenses and can apply for free housing in a university residence.